五感減一工作坊的參加心得

I met a book. (我遇到一本書)

我遇到一本書。「這個不科學的年代!——費曼談科學精神的價值」(ISBN:
957-621-561-7),費曼從最基礎的問題開始談起,他認為科學的本質是存疑與不確定性。在我簡略閱讀Karl
Popper的想法之後,費曼的演講是比較淺顯易懂地開始接觸科學哲學。科學哲學實在是一個長途的冒險旅程,有時候我會困惑哲學的用處是什麼,也許它對於我問一個問題有一些幫助吧。


I met a book, "The meaning of it all thoughts of a
Citizen-Scientist." (ISBN: 0-201-36080-2) It was written by a famous
scientist, Richard P. Feyman. He discussed from the basic issue. The
feature of science is suspicious and uncertainness. After the skipped
reading of Karl Popper's idea, I thought Feyman's lecture will be more
easier to understand. Scientific philosophy does a long journey to
explore. Sometimes I doubt any usefulness of philosophy exists, but I
found it'll be helpful to ask a question. :)

費曼說:「美國政府成立之初,開國元老乃是本著一種『沒有人懂得如何建立政府、甚至如何治理一個國家』的信念來進行的。大家都不知道怎麼辦的結果,就是創造出一套治理國家的制度,方法就是允許新想法在這套制度之中誕生、試試看是否行得通。……草擬美國憲法的人都瞭解懷疑的價值。……懷疑和討論是進步的重要因素。」我喜歡這段話。
He gave a example. In the beginning of his/her story of America,
those grand old persons consider there are none knows how to establish
a government, even knows how rule it well. Because none knows, they
created a system to govern the state. The method is allowing new and
different ideas existing in this system, and give the
new one chance to try it work or not. Theoe grand persons know
the value of uncertainness that the old method maybe not the complete
right and perfect method. Suspicious , free mind, and discussing is the
key of progress.
不過在第一章「科學的不確定性」,有一段他提到「……如果不是科學的發展,整個工業革命差不多不可能發生。今天,我們不必靠奴隸制度,我們容許眾人自由存活、全力生產,而且有能力生產足夠數量的食物以應付這麼龐大的人口,以及控制疾病;此一事實可能就是由於發展出科學化的生產工具而出現的結果。」我不贊成他的意見,因為假使時光倒流到奴隸時代,一位科學家發明了一個機器,可以完全取代奴隸,同時間,另一位科學家,則發明了可以促進奴隸生產效率的工具,我不認為這些控制奴隸的屠夫老闆,會選擇第一個機器。縱使第一個機器可以有更好的生產效率的,但是奴隸以及奴隸制度依然會繼續存在著,因為這是一個社會問題,而不是科學的。
附註:英文原文書 "The meaning of it all thoughts of a Citizen-Scientist."
(ISBN: 0-201-36080-2)
In the first section - "the uncertainness of science". He said
"Today we didnot fepend the system of slave, we allow everybody to live
free, and spare no effort to produce. And we have the ability of
produce the enough food to deal with the large population and controll
the disease. It was much possibly based the development of scientific
tools." I donot agree this paragraph. If we back to the era of slave,
even a scientist create a machine able to replace all slaves. In the
meanwhile, another scientist created a tool to improve the work
efficiency of slaves. Those butchers still not choose the former
machine to cut the cost of production. Because it's a social problem
not scientific.
ps: translation in Chinese - ISBN: 957-621-561-7

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